Koherens og kohesjon


Coherence and cohesion

Coherence = overall thematic connection that ties different parts of the text together. In the following text, coherence is difficult (but not impossible) to find:

The cloth ripped.  Fortunately, there was a haystack.

Cohesion = local semantic links between parts of the text by means of anaphors and causal and temporal, connectors, etc. In the following text, there is insufficient cohesion:

The passenger got angry at the driver. He was hit. It crashed in a tree.

Koherens og kohesjon

Koherens = sammenheng gjennom tematiske forbindelser (overordnet tema). I følgende tekst er det vanskelig (men ikke umulig) å finne koherens:

The cloth ripped. Fortunately, there was a haystack.

Kohesjon = sammenheng gjennom språklige forbindelser mellom setninger (f.eks. anaforer, temporale eller kausale forbindelser, osv.). I følgende tekst er det manglende kohesjon mellom setningene.

The passenger got angry at the driver. He was hit. It crashed in a tree.

© Prof. Koenraad de Smedt